California's light bulb ban
Posted by Scott Anderson on
California has led the way on energy efficiency for years. It was the first state to add restrictions to some incandescent and halogen light bulbs.
Plus, the state has additional restrictions to LEDs outlined in Title 20.
Here are the steps that got us to this point.
President George W. Bush signed EISA (Energy Independence and Security Act), an effort to reduce lighting that's energy inefficient.
2012 - 2014
The first tier of EISA restrictions phased out 60-watt incandescent bulbs nationwide.
California adopted the next tier of EISA restrictions, requiring A-shape GSLs (general service lamps) to achieve a minimum efficacy of 45 lumens per watt.
The Department on Energy (DOE) rolled back restrictions on GSLs. 15 state attorneys general sued the DOE – including California, New York City, and Washington, DC. Large environmental groups sued as well.
California Energy Commission (CEC) voted to move forward with further restriction of the sale of general service lamps. This falls under Title 20.
The Department of Energy officially reverses standards for general service lamps and preempts ALL states from enforcing standards.
January 1, 2020
New restrictions on general service lamps began in California.
Two lighting associations dismissed their lawsuit over California's light bulb ban, so the state moved forward with restrictions. Here is a statement from the CEC.
California's governor signed a new bill into law, beginning the phase out of CFLs and linear fluorescent lamps.
Which light bulbs are banned in California?
General service lamps (GSLs) that do not meet a minimum efficacy of 45 lumens per watt (LPW) are no longer for sale in California. Beginning in 2024, most CFL products will no longer be for sale either. The state will take another step and eliminate the sale of linear fluorescent lamps starting in 2025.
The bottom line is that lighting products are required to meet certain energy efficiency standards or they cannot be sold in California.
California began phasing out A-line GSLs in January 2018 (this is the shape you typically think of putting in a table lamp). Since, the state has taken additional strategic measures to limit products available for purchase to only the most energy-efficient.
Here's how the newest restrictions practically apply to you: apart from a few exceptions, you will only be able to buy LEDs in California starting in 2025.
Of course, there are exceptions to every rule. Sometimes you need that heat-resistant incandescent light bulb, like in ovens. But in general, the state has carefully planned its course of action to protect the state from rolling blackouts caused by energy shortages.
The federal government adopted regulations on GSLs that mirror California's, so most GSLs will no longer be for sale in the United States. Now that the federal government has applied these restrictions, you can read more about the overall regulations here.
Which light bulbs can be sold in California?
In the future, only LEDs will be sold in California (with some exceptions). HIDs can also be sold in the state. The state has passed legislation that eliminates or will soon eliminate the sale of most incandescent, halogen, and fluorescent products.
It's important to note not all LEDs are Title 20 compliant, which means some LEDs cannot be sold in California. We explain the other restrictions for lighting products in this blog post.
You should check to make sure a product can be sold in California before you buy. To simplify the process, we created a filter for our online store. We'll continue to work on keeping this filter updated with the latest regulations.
Benefits of the changes
California expects major energy changes because of the light bulb restrictions.
To help give you a little perspective, let's compare the wattage between an incandescent light bulb and an LED light bulb. A standard A-line incandescent bulb uses 50 watts. That's the measure of power the light bulb consumes. An LED A-line bulb with equivalent light output uses around 9 watts — a 41-watt savings for each bulb.
The California Energy Commission predicts these standards alone will save 4,000 - 13,600 gigawatts. What does that mean in dollar amounts? A predicted savings between $736 million and $2.4 billion.
As always, if you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us.